The hair is made up of proteins called Keratin. Our hair growth rate is about six inches a year (1cm/month). Normally, we shed about 50 to 100 hairs a day.


The hair is made up of proteins called Keratin. Our hair growth rate is about six inches a year (1cm/month). Normally, we shed about 50 to 100 hairs a day.

Hair Growth Cycle

There are 3 stages of hair growth:

  • Anagen: Growth phase that lasts for 2 – 6 years, comprises about 80 – 85% of our hairs.
  • Catagen: Transitional phase that lasts for 2 – 3 weeks when the hair follicles prepare themselves for ‘hibernation’.
  • Telogen: Resting phase that lasts for 1 – 4 months, comprises about 15 – 20% of our hairs.

After Telogen ends, Anagen will kick in again and the new growing hair will push the existing hair out from the follicle, which causes the natural hair fall.

Hair loss becomes a problem when Anagen phase is shortened while Telogen phase is lengthened. Shorter hair growth phase means that hairs are unable to grow as long as before. With prolonged Telogen phase, hair follicles will shrink with thinner hair. 

Male pattern Hair Loss

It affects around half of all men over 50 years old. Male pattern hair loss, known as androgenetic alopecia (AGA), is the most common type of hair loss. It happens because of the combination of androgens (male hormone) and genetic predisposition. It is usually associated with receding hairline and hair loss at the top of the head.

Female Pattern Hair Loss

It is also known as androgenetic alopecia (AGA), affected by androgen and genetic predisposition. Early signs of female pattern hair loss include thinning of hair or widening of part line. Unlike male pattern hair loss, it is less severe, and hairline usually does not recede. It is more common with advanced age.

Androgen and Dihydrotestosterone (DHT)

Androgen is a hormone responsible for the development of male sex organs and male characteristics such as deeper voice, more body hairs and higher muscle mass.

Testosterone is the major androgen, when converted to dihydrotestosterone (DHT), becomes two times more potent than testosterone. DHT is essential for most hair growth in the body, but it is unfavorable to hair growth on the head. DHT is believed to cause hair follicles to miniaturize, which contributes to hair loss. So, people with higher level of DHT often experience hair loss.

Females, on the other hand, also produces androgen (testosterone and DHT), but in much lesser amount than males.


Factors of hair loss:

  • Age
  • Family History
  • Hormonal Changes
  • Stress
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Hairstyles and treatments
  • Medical condition e.g. thyroid disease, autoimmune disease, scalp infection
  • Side effect of medications

Severity of Hair Loss

Norwood and Ludwig scales are the most commonly used methods when discussing about male and female pattern hair loss respectively. There are 7 Norwood stages and 3 Ludwig scale, defining the severity of hair loss.

hair loss treatment

Minoxidil hair spray, a medicine to improve blood circulation of the scalp and promote hair growth. Suitable for males and females.

Finasteride (or famously known as Propecia), an FDA approved prescription drug since 1997, is used to reduce the production of DHT. It is suitable only for men.

Provides nutrients that helps to stimulate the keratin-forming process and revitalizes the hair and nails. Floxia is one of them.

 iGrow, an FDA approved helmet-like device, which can stimulate hair growth.

Regenera involves extraction of your own scalp hair micrograft (tissues with regenerative cells) and transfer to the hair loss area. It stimulates new hair growth and strengthens existing hair. The procedure is simple and comfortable which can be done in 30 minutes. Suitable for men at Norwood stage 2-5 and women Ludwig type I and II.

Transferring hair from the back of scalp (donor area) to hair loss areas. This highly effective procedure can be done in a few hours, reserves for those with severe hair loss, i.e. men Norwood stage 5-7 and women Ludwig type III.